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大学英语精读第1册 第6课 课后阅读补充

时间:2013-01-01 00:44来源:betway必威官网www.etsupport.net 编辑:麦田守望者

READING ACTIVTTY
Reading Comprehension
By "reading comprehension", we mean how well one can read. It a student is "good at reading comprehension," then, he or she is able to read with a high degree of efficiency and obtain maximum information from a text with minimum misunderstanding(误解)。 We are going to suggest ways you can improve your reading comprehension.
Skill: Reading Comprehension Skill I
--- reading for the Main Idea (Part I)
What is the most important element(成分) in any paragraph or passage? Without a doubt, it is the main idea or the central(中心的) idea, which gives the paragraph or passage a purpose and direction. Naturally, the first step to improve your comprehension is to practise reading a bit faster for the main idea.

Exercise A
Read each of the following paragraphs s little faster than you usually do, and answer the multiple choice question that comes after it.
Paragraph 1
Behave 检点(自己的)行为;举止端正 limit 限度;范围
Tend 照管 范围 alcohol 酒精
Bible <<圣经>> forbid 禁止
barber 理发师

One hundred years ago, school teachers were expected to provide a variety of services in addition to their teaching duties and to behave themselves in an exemplary (serving as an example) manner. They cared for the oil lamps, tended the fire, and supplied their students with sharp pencils. After a long day in the classroom, they were expected to spend some time every evening reading the Bible. Women teachers could not marry, and barber shops were off limits(禁止进入的) to men teachers. Of course, alcohol and tobacco were forbidden.
Which statement best expresses the main idea?
A. Teachers performed(做) domestic(家庭的)tasks.
B. The teaching profession (职业) demanded total dedication.
C. Teachers needed the guidance(引导)of religion (宗教。)
D. Teachers set good examples by not using tobacco and alcohol.

Paragraph 2
Words to Know
Manufacture 制造 leather 皮革
Raw 来加工的;生的 harness 马具
Figure 数字 fur 毛皮
Until the War of 1812, the United States had always bought its manufactured goods, especially its fine cloth. From England. During the war, however, the United States could neither sell its raw materials, nor buy manufactured goods. By the end of the War of 1812 there were nearly 150,000 men and women working in cotton and woolen mills in the United States. We have no figures on the number of workers employed in the various stages of iron production, but we know that the iron industry had greatly increased. Besides the cloth and iron works, there was a great leather industry, including shoe factories, saddle shops, and harness=making shops, while American hatters were able to supply the market with wool hats and fur caps.
The central idea of this paragraph is:
A As a result of the War of 1812, Americans began to produce better cloth than they had previously obtained from abroad(海外)
B The War of 1812 caused large numbers of Americans to move from the farms into the factories.
C After the War of 1812 the United States was far less dependent(依赖)on Europe for its manufactured goods.
D The War of 1812 caused a temporary(暂的) change in the pattern of trade between the United States and Europe.

Exercise B
The following Dialogue(对话) and Epilogue(尾声) are closely related to the text Sam Adams, Industrial Engineer. Both can be divided(划分) into several parts according to their different controlling ideas, Read through the two pieces first to get an overall(总体的) impression and then determine the main idea in each part by answering the question that comes immediately after each part.
Words to Know
Exchange 交换 suitable 合适的
Company 公司 bill 帐单
Indicate 表明;表示 role 角色,作用
Introduction 介绍,引进 SOLUTION 解决(办法)
Painter 画家 improvement 改进
Paint 画;描绘 inevitable 必然的,不可避免的
Remind 提醒 painful 痛苦的
Backwards 向后
Dialogue
Jane: Hi, Sam. How's everything?
Sam: Great to see you, Jane.
Jane: I hear you got a new job with Babson Machines.
Sam: Yean, it's true. I was really lucky. I started about six months ago; they haven't fired me yet. How's the factory?
Jane: Ah, about the same as always.
Sam: You mean shirts are still coming out without collars or buttons?
Jane: Sometimes it's just the collar and buttons without the shirt. The plant isn't famous for its efficiency, you know.
1.The main idea of this part is:
a. Sam and Jane meet and greetings are exchanged.
b. Sam was lucky to get a job in Babsan Machines Company.
c. The shirt factory is as inefficient as it used to be.
Sam: Well, I heard there are some changes at the factory. Something about music and a coffee break in the afternoons.
Jane: Music? Oh yeah. Yeah, I guess there is. A lot of good it does, though. The machines make so much noise we can't hear it anyway. And the coffee break! They give us only five minutes. (1)If we run at top speed we can just make it to the coffee machine and back to our worktable.
2 Which of the following sentences indicates the main idea?
a. There appear to have been some changes at the factory anyway.
b. Changes such as the introduction of background music and coffee breaks do not do the workers any good.
c. The introduction of background music does the workers a lot of good while the coffee break does little.
Sam: I can't believe this. I understood that Mr. Hobbs was all ready to make a lot of big changes down there at the factory.
Jane: Well, a couple of things have changed. Wd used to have dull gray walls to look at between operations. A couple of weeks ago, some painter came in and painted a huge picture of perfect shirt ... with all its buttons. Sleeves, and the collar. (2)I guess management wanted to remind us of what we are supposed to be producing there. But can you imagine? A shirt! We see enough shirts all day. We don't need to look up from out work and find one painted on the walls.
Sam: You mean that big shirt doesn't make all of you want to produce more?
Jane: A lot of pictures might make us want to produce more, but huge painted shirt? No way! Oh yes, one other change, Remember Big Jim in our math class? He used to work on buttons and he held up half the assembly line. Well, they promoted him from buttons to sleeves, with a raise in pay. Now he sits at the beginning of the line and holds up everybody. There's progress for you.
Sam: Ah, yes, progress: one step forward and two steps backwards!
3. Which statement best expresses the main idea of this part?
a. The management was ready to make big changes.
b. If any, there have been changes not for the better but for the worse.
c. all efforts to make changes have failed.
4. Choose a suitable title for the above passage:
a. One Step Forward, Two Steps Backwards
b. Much Ado About Nothing
c. Music, Coffee, Painted Pictures - No Good!
Epilogue
So, I learned that my consultation at the shirt factory had not improved production.
Well, frankly, I'm not surprised. You see, while working at the Babson. Machine Company as an industrial adviser, I took a night class in management engineering at Northwestern University. My company paid the bill. I like that.
5. Complete the following sentence:
A night class in management engineering made me realize why.
________________________________________________________ .
Now I have quite a different idea of what it means to be a "consultant". (3)I used to think that the consultant goes into the factory, studies the problems, suggests cures for the problems, and then encourages the management to follow these suggestions.
6. Fill in the blank with suitable words:
I used to think that the role of a _____ is to make _____ and encourage the management to ______ .

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